Methodology of UnivPress Ranking Hungary

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Methodology of UnivPress Ranking Hungary

UnivPress Rankings are prepared on the basis of nationwide research and data collection covering the vast majority of educational fields. There are five nationwide representative sociological student opinion surveys, four lecturer-employer ranking opinion surveys, six professional conferences, a time series database – which is unique in Hungary – and approximately fifteen printed sheets of study papers underlying the rankings.

General Principles of Ranking

Multiple aspects: the principle is that there is no absolute best or worst institution. It is thus best to compare universities and colleges on the basis of all the relevant and measurable indicators possible.

Profound and valid methodology: every institutional ranking should be professionally well grounded, accurate and authentic with respect to data provision, statistics and research methodology. The full methodology of preparing the rankings is published by those who carry out the study.

Sources of the data

Third Party:

  • data of the Ministry of Education and Culture based on information provision by the institutions themselves
  • application and admission data from the National Higher Education Information Centre
  • data from the Council for National Scientific Students’ Circles;

Institutions:

  • direct institutional data collection by the National Higher Education Information Centre;

Survey:

  • representative empirical sociological research involving university and college students;

Data types

Data obtained from institutional data provision.

  • Proportion of instructors with PhD and DLA degrees among instructors in full-time employment .
  • Proportion of instructors with candidate among instructors in full-time employment .
  • Total number of students who have obtained a Doctoral (PhD, DLA) degree in all academic schedules
  • Number of students participating in Doctoral, that is, PhD or DLA programs in all academic schedules
  • Proportion of Doctors of the Academy in total full time faculty .
  • Number of full time students in Bachelor or unified programs by full time instructors with academic qualifications (earlier candidate, PhD or DLA degrees).
  • Proportion of instructors with academic qualifications among instructors in full-time employment .
  • Number of full time instructors with academic qualifications among instructors in full-time employment .
  • Total number of full time employees .
  • Proportion of habilitated doctors in faculty.

Application and admission data

The National Higher Education Information Centre totalizes the data of applicants and admissions to Hungarian higher education institutions each year: the chosen institutions as indicated in the application forms, the chosen programs and the training type and schedule, the type of support, the personal data of applicants (age, citizenship, sex, permanent residence, year of taking the secondary school final examination, other higher education studies, language examination, type and specialization of secondary school issuing the certificate, etc.).

In preparing the relevant rankings, we always count the number of students applying to the given institution/program/field of study in the first place.

  • Number of applicants to full time state financed places in Bachelor or unified programs (BUFS) naming the institution in the first place in the standard application procedure
  • Proportion of students applying in the first place and admitted to BUFS programs among all students applying in the first place to BUFS programs
  • Arithmetic mean of the scores of admitted BUFS students applying in the first place
  • Outstanding achievements – granted extra admission scores – in the National Secondary School Competition among admitted BUFS students applying in the first place
  • Students obtaining their secondary school certificates in one of the 20 most successful secondary schools in admissions, admitted to BUFS places named in the first place
  • Ratio of students holding a state acknowledged language certificate applying in the first place to total number of BUFS applicants applying in the first place

Note: B=Bachelor program; U=Unified program; F=full time study schedule; S=state financed

Data from the National Council for Scientific Students’ Circles keeps records of the results of scientific students’ circles competitions. They totalize these data by institutions and faculties, and make them available each year.

Number of full time students in Bachelor and unified programs at the given faculty achieving places 1-3 at the National Students’ Circles Conference

*Note: organized biannually.

Data from Representative Questionnaire Studies

Sample

The first survey was managed by independent researchers in the spring of 2001, involving university students in Hungary (4870 persons); in the spring of 2005, involving college students in Hungary (6850 persons); in the spring of 2006 and 2007, involving students studying at 9 and 7 Bachelor or unified programs (5158 and 5575 persons), respectively. A standard questionnaire study based on personal questioning was completed again in 2009, involving 7835 students studying at full time Bachelor programs. The latest study in 2009 comprised a sample of the seventy most popular faculties based on the application data, and each faculty was considered in a dominant educational field, based on the number of students. Representative samples were taken by the researchers in each faculty by the sex of the students, the chosen program and the number of students in each year of study. The partial samples by faculties generally comprised 100 students, or 200 students in the case of certain larger faculties with mixed educational profiles in the given field. The samples questioned were based on the official higher education statistical bulletin of the Ministry of Culture and Education. The magnitude of sampling error was between 0-1,5% (national sample), and 0-9% (institutional sample). As students were also questioned in every educational field, the results of the present study give the most comprehensive picture of national higher education.

Number of full time students in Bachelor and unified programs at the given faculty achieving places 1-3 at the National Students’ Circles Conference

The questionnaire

Questions covered the aspects by which students chose their institutions, the evaluation of the program and the institution, further plans for higher education studies or retraining, and job plans and expectations upon completing the program. The evaluation of the programs and institutions was structured as follows: the standards of education, the marketability of the diploma nationally and internationally; opportunities for self-study and professional promotion within the institution; identification with the institution; the atmosphere of the institution and cultural/sports opportunities within the institution; the level of the educational infrastructure of the institution, further institutional services.

Students were asked about their opinion of their own institutions, except for the four comparative questions where respondents had to characterize their own faculties as compared to other institutions.

Scores range from 1 to 5, the result is the arithmetic mean of the scores granted

  • Presence of renowned representatives of the given field in education
  • General institutional atmosphere
  • General instructor-student relations
  • Participation of students in professional conferences Domestic value of diploma
  • International value of diploma
  • Satisfaction of individual professional interest Standards of theoretical education
  • Eating opportunities
  • Links of college/university with companies, firms in the profession
  • Student satisfaction
  • Activity of students’ self-government
  • Information provided to students in academic matters
  • State of the institution’s buildings
  • Exterior of the institution
  • Accessibility of the institution
  • Institutional democracy
  • Difficulty of admission to the institution
  • Provision of working opportunities during the program period
  • Organization of instruction at the program
  • Standards of the dormitory
  • Standards of the library
  • Cultural opportunities
  • Opportunities to be involved in research
  • Partial program opportunities abroad
  • Daily practical examples in education
  • Standards of education
  • Helpfulness of instructors (to what extent they support students in academic and professional work, in getting ahead)
  • Applicability of professional knowledge taught
  • Sports opportunities
  • Applicability of professional knowledge
  • Standards of professional practice
  • Professional self-education opportunities
  • Provision of computers
  • Equipment of seminar and lecture rooms
  • Difficulty of studies
  • Support from the institution in finding employment after graduation